Beginning of Sanctorale: Feast of St. Andrew (Nov. 30), First Vespers-Matins, Lesson 2

Sanctorale. The Proper of Saints or Sanctorale usually begins with the Feast of St. Andrew on November 30. This is to liturgically align the Sanctorale with the Temporale, which begins on the first Sunday of Advent. The text on the recto, however, includes the Feast of St. Saturinus, celebrated November 29. This organization is also followed in the Breviary of Ercole d'Este.

The first leaves displayed here are from a quire of ten at Harvard University. Notice the verso of the last leaf includes a catchword in the bas-de-page, "e" (abbreviation for "est"), indicating this leaf is the last leaf of the quire.

If you click on the first image below you will find the fully decribed leaf with images from the recto and verso at the bottom of the page. The full border decoration on the verso is designed not only to highlight the importance of the Feast of St. Andrew but also to help the reader find the beginning of the prayers to saints in a very large book. Notice, however, that the historiated initial includes an image of an inverted crucifixion. This is the manner in which the martrydom of St. Peter is usually represented. St. Andrew is traditionally portrayed as martyred on an X-shaped cross.